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General QA Concept

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abstract test case: See high level test case.
acceptance: See acceptance testing.
acceptance criteria: The exit criteria that a component or system must satisfy in order to be accepted by a user, customer, or other authorized entity. [IEEE 610]
acceptance testing: Formal testing with respect to user needs, requirements, and business processes conducted to determine whether or not a system satisfies the acceptance criteria and to enable the user, customers or other authorized entity to determine whether or not to accept the system. [After IEEE 610]
accessibility testing: Testing to determine the ease by which users with disabilities can use a component or system. [Gerrard] accuracy: The capability of the software product to provide the right or agreed results or effects with the needed degree of precision. [ISO 9126] See also functionality testing.
action word driven testing: See keyword driven testing actual outcome: See actual result.actual result: The behavior produced/observed when a component or system is tested.
ad hoc review: See informal review.
ad hoc testing: Testing carried out informally; no formal test preparation takes place, no recognized test design technique is used, there are no expectations for results and arbitrariness guides the test execution activity.
adaptability: The capability of the software product to be adapted for different specified environments without applying actions or means other than those provided for this purpose for the software considered. [ISO 9126] See also portability.
agile testing: Testing practice for a project using agile methodologies, such as extreme programming (XP), treating development as the customer of testing and emphasizing the test-first design paradigm. See also test driven development.
algorithm test [TMap]: See branch testing.
alpha testing: Simulated or actual operational testing by potential users/customers or an independent test team at the developers’ site, but outside the development organization.Alpha testing is often employed for off-the-shelf software as a form of internal acceptance testing.
analyzability: The capability of the software product to be diagnosed for deficiencies or causes of failures in the software, or for the parts to be modified to be identified. [ISO 9126] See also maintainability.
analyzer: See static analyzer.
anomaly: Any condition that deviates from expectation based on requirements specifications,design documents, user documents, standards, etc. or from someone’s perception or experience. Anomalies may be found during, but not limited to, reviewing, testing,analysis, compilation, or use of software products or applicable documentation. [IEEE 1044] See also bug, defect, deviation, error, fault, failure, incident, problem.arc testing: See branch testing.
attack: Directed and focused attempt to evaluate the quality, especially reliability, of a test object by attempting to force specific failures to occur.
attractiveness: The capability of the software product to be attractive to the user. [ISO 9126]
See also usability.
audit: An independent evaluation of software products or processes to ascertain compliance to standards, guidelines, specifications, and/or procedures based on objective criteria,including documents that specify:
(1) the form or content of the products to be produced
(2) the process by which the products shall be produced
(3) how compliance to standards or guidelines shall be measured. [IEEE 1028]

audit trail: A path by which the original input to a process (e.g. data) can be traced back through the process, taking the process output as a starting point. This facilitates defect analysis and allows a process audit to be carried out. [After TMap]

Automated testware: Testware used in automated testing, such as tool scripts.
availability: The degree to which a component or system is operational and accessible when required for use. Often expressed as a percentage. [IEEE 610]

ActiveX control

An object that you place on a form to enable or enhance a user's interaction with an application. ActiveX controls have events and can be incorporated into other controls. The controls have an .ocx file name extension.
ActiveX object
An object that is exposed to other applications or programming tools through Automation interfaces.
Argument
A constant, variable, or expression passed to a procedure.
Array
A set of sequentially indexed elements having the same type of data. Each element of an array has a unique identifying index number. Changes made to one element of an array do not affect the other elements.
ASCII Character Set
American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) 7-bit character set widely used to represent letters and symbols found on a standard U.S. keyboard. The ASCII character set is the same as the first 128 characters (0–127) in the ANSI character set.
Automation object
An object that is exposed to other applications or programming tools through Automation interfaces.

This is taken from ISTQB study material.I am going to add more..watch out this space for more.

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