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What do you mean by effective listening? How does it differ from hearing?

What do you mean by effective listening?How does it differ from hearing?

Effective listening is an interpretive process.On the otherhand hearing is a process where user listen through all of his body,mind and concentration.Thus all these filters make use of the hearing and convert this to a meaningful,interesting and easy to understand mode.
On the otherhand hearing is just only the conversion of sound to humatic talking signal.It might be meaningful or unmeaningful.
So the steps for proper listening are-
1.Hearing properly
2.Understanding more clearly
3.Judging-This is most important aspect of learning.
This is a nice video form Active Listening--- from MindTools.com
on the other hand Hearing is 

Hearing (or audition; adjectival form: "auditory" or "aural") is the ability to perceive sound by detecting vibrations through an organ such as the ear. It is one of the traditional five senses. The inability to hear is called deafness.
In humans and other vertebrates, hearing is performed primarily by the auditory system: vibrations are detected by the ear and transduced into nerve impulses that are perceived by the brain (primarily in the temporal lobe). Like touch, audition requires sensitivity to the movement of molecules in the world outside the organism. Both hearing and touch are types of mechanosensation.

So in Hearing your all mental filters(Ear/mind/eye/concentration) do not work in a sync . Effectively this is a process to detect if something happening.

In a situation when people do not have interest on a topic but due to other factors(manager/showoff etc) compel to go for a meeting, this situation arises.
Sometimes if we do not get what is being told and loose the context listening becomes hearing.  

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